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Published on August 10th, 2012

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Al Gore and the Environmentalists Bow their Heads in Gratitude to the 1992 Rio Conference

In 1992 the conference Earth Summit was held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Non-governmental organizations played an important role here. The most important result from this conference was AGENDA 21, an action plan for future preservation of the environment and the fight against poverty.

The main task of the summit was to figure out how the world could unite and manage to create a sustainable development in the poorer parts of the world. One was concerned with global environmental challenges, such as the rising global temperatures, the increase in CO2 emissions, and the general problems of poverty and hunger. There was also a strong focus on forests and preservation of the diversity of species.

Former Norwegian Prime Minister Gro Harlem Brundtland was a central actor at the Rio-summit.

The main reason Al Gore owe debt to Mrs. Brundtland and her colleagues is due to the fact that they managed to get the world’s governments to focus on important global challenges, and successfully created an international environmental regime. The UN-led Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change was founded, and different branches of the UN started cooperating with other non-governmental organizations as well as local and regional authorities in order to implement the principles that were passed at the summit.

Rio de Janeiro, the location of the 1992-summit.

The conference also laid the fundament for future conferences on the environment and development, such as Kairo, Kyoto, and Copenhagen.

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